Proximate composition, mineral and total phenolic contents, and scavenging activity of breadnut fruit (Artocarpus camansi)

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M.S. Rabeta and M.J. Nor Syafiqah

Abstract

This study investigated the proximate composition, mineral and total phenolic contents (TPCs), and antioxidant capacity of the core, pulp and seed of breadnut (Artocarpus camansi). For proximate composition, pulp had the highest ash (1.47%) and protein contents (1.29%), and core had the highest moisture content (88.6%). The minerals present in breadnut were calcium, zinc, copper, manganese, iron and sodium. The percentage of DPPH inhibition followed the order seed > pulp > core. The TPCs of the samples were 7.88 – 22.1 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g for methanol extract and 1.69 to 5.22 mg GAE/g for water extract. Evaluation provided a strong basis for the nutritional value of A. camansi , which is an underutilised fruit. Results revealed that breadnut is an edible underutilised fruit that is cheap, contains high value of antioxidant activity and can be beneficial to the food and health industries.

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Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Science (JTAFS)
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